The knee joint is a complex one that forms where several bones meet — the femur (thigh bone) at the top with the tibia (shin bone) and fibula (calf bone) below, plus another piece of bone called the patella (kneecap). Tendons and ligaments connect the bones and muscles.
A wedge of cartilage (the meniscus) cushions the joint, and articular cartilage covers the ends of the bones. In younger patients, the most common causes of knee pain are injuries to the muscles, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage. These could be sprains or strains, where the soft tissues stretch and sometimes rupture, or tears in the cartilage.
In older patients, degenerative conditions like osteoarthritis and post-traumatic arthritis are the most frequent causes of knee pain. Patients with knee arthritis typically find their pain is worse in the morning. You’re likely to experience stiffness and weakness that worsen over time.
Knee pain can also result from problems in your hip, low back, foot, or ankle. If you’re suffering from knee pain, it’s crucial to determine the cause so you can receive the most effective treatment.
To find what’s causing your knee pain, the Neuropathy and Pain Centers of Las Vegas team starts by performing a physical exam. They look for signs of damage to the knee or abnormalities like bony lumps that might indicate arthritis. Your provider also checks the other joints in your legs and your lower back.
In addition to the physical exam, your provider runs some simple, painless tests. A NeuralScan test locates abnormal functioning of the small nerves and can often replace the need for scans or X-rays. The TM-Flow System determines whether you have any nerve problems or conditions affecting your circulation.
Resting the affected knee and applying gentle heat or ice packs at regular intervals can relieve knee pain. Physical therapy is often vital too. Some of the advanced interventions Neuropathy and Pain Centers of Las Vegas uses include:
Nerve blocks are injections of anesthetic that numb pain.
Glycosaminoglycan injections contain a replacement for the lubricating fluid in your joints. It’s particularly helpful for conditions like arthritis.
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) uses growth factors extracted from the platelets in your blood to give your body’s natural ability to heal a boost.
Radiofrequency ablation destroys the nerves sending pain messages to your brain.
Neuropathy and Pain Centers of Las Vegas uses the cutting-edge RST-Sanexas neoGEN® device. This is a noninvasive way of moderating the function of your cells to relieve pain.
For expert relief of your knee pain, call Neuropathy and Pain Centers of Las Vegas today or book an appointment online.